标题：Comparison of land surface and air temperatures for quantifying summer and winter urban heat island in a snow climate city
作者：Yang, Chaobin; Yan, Fengqin; Zhang, Shuwen
作者机构：[Yang, Chaobin] Shandong Univ Technol, Sch Civil & Architectural Engn, Zibo 255000, Peoples R China.; [Yan, Fengqin] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Geog Sci 更多
通讯作者地址：Yang, CB (corresponding author), Shandong Univ Technol, Sch Civil & Architectural Engn, Zibo 255000, Peoples R China.; Yan, FQ (corresponding author), 更多
来源：JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
关键词：Urban heat island; Hourly air temperature; Land surface temperature;; Spatio-temporal variations; Indicator comparison
摘要：The urban heat island (UHI) effect is an increasingly consequential problem that confronts cities. The accurate characterization and quantification of UHI are crucial for sustainable urban development. Few UHI studies, however, compare data source, spatio-temporal variations, and indicators for the same city in parallel. This study uses Changchun, a snow climate city in China, as an example and compares five different indicators of the UHI based on land surface temperature (LST) derived from Landsat 8 TIRS and hourly air temperature (AT) collected from 41 meteorological weather stations to conduct a more comprehensive comparative study of the UHI. The results show the following. (1) The relationships between LST and AT are all statistically significant, and the surface urban heat island (SUHI) intensity characterized by the LST is considerably stronger than that of AT both in summer and winter. (2) The SUHI intensity is significantly stronger in summer (6.83 degrees C) than in winter (1.55 degrees C) based on the morning LST, whereas the UHI intensity (0.27 degrees C in summer and 0.40 degrees C in winter) that is simultaneously quantified by the AT has an opposite result. The mean whole-day and daytime UHI intensity difference, which is quantified hourly by the AT between summer and winter, is not significant. The difference between nighttime and daytime UHI intensities is evident in both summer (1.26 degrees C) and winter (0.76 degrees C). Additionally, the high temperatures for both LST and AT have a more concentrated distribution in winter than in summer. (3) The values of UHI/SUHI intensity considerably vary based on different indicators. The different choices among land covers to represent "urban" and "rural" areas would significantly affect the values of UHI/SUHI intensity. The selection of appropriate indicators and data sources to quantify the UHI remains a problem that has to be resolved in future studies.