标题：Experimental study on heat transfer characteristics of CNTs/Al2O3nanofluids in personal cooling system based on thermoelectric refrigeration
作者：Duan, Lian ;Han, Jitian ;Cao, Linlin ;Huo, Chong
作者机构：[Duan, Lian ;Han, Jitian ;Cao, Linlin ;Huo, Chong ] School of Energy and Power Engineering, Shandong University, 17923 Jingshi Road, Jinan, China
会议名称：10th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning, ISHVAC 2017
会议日期：October 19, 2017 - October 22, 2017
摘要：Nanofluids have been considered as one of the most promising working fluids to significantly enhance heat transfer in a variety of applications. This paper presents experimental study on the heat transfer characteristics of Carbon Nanotube (CNTs) and Al2O3nanofluids in a natural circulation loop for a personal cooling system based on thermoelectric cooler. The nanofluids are prepared by CNTs or Al2O3in the base fluid. In the experimental system, the nanofluid flows into the heat exchanger filled with high porosity metal foam, and is cooled by a thermoelectric cooler. The nanofluid then flows into the heat transfer coil by natural circulation, thereby absorbing heat released from a human body, which flows into the heat exchanger again to complete a natural circulation. The heat transfer characteristics for CNTs and Al2O3nanofluids with deionized water as the base fluid are experimentally determined and compared with those of deionized water obtained by the experimental system under the identical conditions. The effects of some factors, such as the particle sizes, volume fractions, and cooling temperatures, on the heat transfer characteristics of nanofluids are experimentally studied. The mechanism for the heat transfer enhancement of nanofluids in the personal cooling system is explored in detail. The obtained results may be useful to the development and practical operation of personal cooling system based on thermoelectric refrigeration.
© 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.