标题：Androgen Indirectly Regulates Gap Junction Component Connexin 43 Through Wilms Tumor-1 in Sertoli Cells
作者：Xia, Qin; Zhang, Danchen; Wang, Jingjing; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Song, Weixiang; Chen, Rong; Li, Hua; Xie, Wenhai; Zou, Kang
作者机构：[Xia, Qin; Zhang, Danchen; Wang, Jingjing; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Song, Weixiang; Chen, Rong; Zou, Kang] Nanjing Agr Univ, Coll Anim Sci & Technol, Germline S 更多
通讯作者：Zou, K;Xie, WH
通讯作者地址：[Zou, K]Nanjing Agr Univ, Coll Anim Sci & Technol, Germline Stem Cells & Microenvironm Lab, Nanjing 210095, Peoples R China;[Xie, WH]Shandong Univ Tec 更多
来源：STEM CELLS AND DEVELOPMENT
关键词：cellular interaction; ChIP-qPCR; gap junction; niche; signal pathway
摘要：In mammals, spermatogenesis is closely related to intercellular interactions of germ cells and surrounding Sertoli cells, that is, blood-testis barrier and gap junction, which are subjected to hormone signals in testicular seminiferous tubules. Androgen signal plays pivotal role in regulating spermatogenesis, but the underlying mechanism is largely unknown. Our recent study demonstrated a novel regulatory pattern of androgen in regulation of spermatogonia differentiation, in which androgen indirectly regulates the expression of ITGB1 on Sertoli Cells through intermediate molecule Wilms tumor-1 (Wt-1) during spermatogenesis. In this study, we identified that Connexin 43 (Cx43), the key component for gap junction distributed between spermatogonia and Sertoli cells, was also regulated by androgen signal. Chromatin immunoprecipitation quantitative polymerase chain reaction (ChIP-qPCR) demonstrated that WT1 occupied Cx43 promoter in Sertoli cells, suggesting WT1 as an intermediate molecule in regulation of Cx43. Finally, we revealed a regulatory pattern of Cx43 by androgen in Sertoli cells, and the Sertoli cells in germ cell depleted microenvironment were sensitive to androgen signal, which enhances the understanding of the mechanism of spermatogenesis.