标题：The affordability for patients of a new universal MDR-TB coverage model in China
作者：Ruan, Y-Z.; Li, R-Z.; Wang, X-X.; Wang, L-X.; Sun, Q.; Chen, C.; Xu, C-H.; Su, W.; Zhao, J.; Pang, Y.; Cheng, J.; Wang, Q.; Fu 更多 作者机构：[Ruan, Y-Z.; Li, R-Z.; Wang, L-X.; Chen, C.; Xu, C-H.; Su, W.; Zhao, J.; Pang, Y.; Cheng, J.; Wang, Q.; Fu, Y-T.; Chen, M-T.] Chinese Ctr Dis Control 更多
通讯作者地址：[Chen, MT]Chinese Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Natl Ctr TB Control & Prevent, 155 Changbai Rd Changping Dist, Beijing 102206, Peoples R China.
来源：INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE
关键词：financing; economics; catastrophic costs
摘要：BACKGROUND: China has piloted a new model of universal coverage for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), designed to rationalize hospital use of drugs and tests and move away from fee-for-service payment towards a standard package with financial protection against catastrophic health costs.; OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the affordability to patients of this new model.; DESIGN: This was an observational study of 243 MDR TB cases eligible for enrolment on treatment under the project. We assessed the affordability of the project from the perspective of households, with a focus on catastrophic costs.; RESULTS: Of the 243 eligible cases, 172 (71%) were enrolled on treatment; of the 71 cases not enrolled, 26 (37%) cited economic reasons. The 73 surveyed cases paid an average of RMB 5977 (US$920) out-of-pocket in search costs incurred outside the pilot model. Within the pilot, they paid another RMB 2094 (US$322) in medical fees and RMB 5230 (US$805) in direct non-medical costs. Despite 90% reimbursement of medical fees, 78% of households experienced catastrophic costs, including indirect costs.; CONCLUSION: The objectives of the pilot model are aligned with health reform in China and universal health coverage globally. Enrollment would almost certainly be higher with 100% reimbursement of medical fees, but patient enablers will be required to truly eliminate catastrophic costs.