标题：Electron ion collider in China [中国极化电子离子对撞机计划]
作者：Cao X.; Chang L.; Chang N.; Chen X.; Chen Z.; Cui Z.; Dai L.; Deng W.;等 更多 作者机构：[Cao, X] Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, 730000, China, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, 更多
来源：He Jishu/Nuclear Techniques
关键词：3D-tomography; Deeply virtual compton scattering; Deeply virtual meson production; Electron ion collider; Energy recovery linac; Exotic hadronic states; Generalized Parton Distribution; Helicity; Nucleon mass; Nucleon structure; Polarization; Quantum chromodynamics; Spin rotator; Transverse momentum dependent parton distribution
摘要：Lepton scattering is an established ideal tool for studying inner structure of microscopic particles such as nucleons as well as nuclei. As a future high energy nuclear physics project, an Electron-ion collider in China (EicC) has been proposed. It will be constructed based on an upgraded heavy-ion accelerator, High intensity heavy-ion accelerator facility (HIAF) which is currently under construction, together with an additional electron ring. The proposed collider will provide highly polarized electrons (with the polarization ~80%), protons and Helium-3 (both with the polarization ~70%), as well as unpolarized ion beams from carbon to uranium with viable center of mass energy from 15 GeV to 20 GeV and the luminosity of (2~4)×1033 cm-2∙s-1. The main foci of the EicC will be the precision measurements of proton structure in the sea quark region, including 3D tomography of nucleon; the partonic structure of nuclei and the parton interaction with the nuclear environment, in particular, the short range correlation of nucleons and the cold nuclear matter effects; the exotic hadronic states, especially those with heavy flavor quark contents. In addition, issues fundamental to understanding the origin of mass could be addressed by measurements of heavy quarkonia near-threshold production at the EicC. In order to achieve the above-mentioned physics goals, a hermetical detector system will be constructed with the cutting-edge technology. During preparation of the document, we have received valuable inputs and help from experts across the globe. The EicC physics program complements the ongoing scientific programs at the Jefferson Laboratory and the future EIC project in the United States. The success of this project will also advance both nuclear and hadron physics as well as accelerator and detector technology in China. © 2020, Science Press. All right reserved.