标题：A review on the occurrence of micropollutants in the aquatic environment and their fate and removal during wastewater treatment
作者：Luo, Yunlong; Guo, Wenshan; Ngo, Huu Hao; Long Duc Nghiem; Hai, Faisal Ibney; Zhang, Jian; Liang, Shuang; Wang, Xiaochang C.
作者机构：[Luo, Yunlong; Guo, Wenshan; Ngo, Huu Hao] Univ Technol Sydney, Sch Civil & Environm Engn, Ctr Technol Water & Wastewater, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia 更多
通讯作者地址：[Guo, WS]Univ Technol Sydney, Sch Civil & Environm Engn, Ctr Technol Water & Wastewater, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia.
来源：SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
关键词：Micropollutants; Occurrence; Fate; Removal; WWTP; Advanced treatment
摘要：Micropollutants are emerging as a new challenge to the scientific community. This review provides a summary of the recent occurrence of micropollutants in the aquatic environment including sewage, surface water, groundwater and drinking water. The discharge of treated effluent from WWTPs is a major pathway for the introduction of micropollutants to surface water. WWTPs act as primary barriers against the spread of micropollutants. WWTP removal efficiency of the selected micropollutants in 14 countries/regions depicts compound-specific variation in removal, ranging from 12.5 to 100%. Advanced treatment processes, such as activated carbon adsorption, advanced oxidation processes, nanofiltration, reverse osmosis, and membrane bioreactors can achieve higher and more consistent micropollutant removal. However, regardless of what technology is employed, the removal of micropollutants depends on physico-chemical properties of micropollutants and treatment conditions. The evaluation of micropollutant removal from municipal wastewater should cover a series of aspects from sources to end uses. After the release of micropollutants, a better understanding and modeling of their fate in surface water is essential for effectively predicting their impacts on the receiving environment. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.