标题：Tetramethylpyrazine Analogue CXC195 Protects Against Dopaminergic Neuronal Apoptosis via Activation of PI3K/Akt/GSK3 beta Signaling Pathway in 6-OHDA- Induced Parkinson's Disease Mice
作者：Chen, Lin; Cheng, Li; Wei, Xinbing; Yuan, Zheng; Wu, Yanmei; Wang, Shuaishuai; Ren, Zhiping; Liu, Xinyong; Liu, Huiqing
作者机构：[Chen, Lin; Cheng, Li; Wei, Xinbing; Yuan, Zheng; Wu, Yanmei; Ren, Zhiping; Liu, Huiqing] Shandong Univ, Sch Med, Dept Pharmacol, 44 Wenhua Xi Rd, Jin 更多
通讯作者地址：[Liu, HQ]Shandong Univ, Sch Med, Dept Pharmacol, 44 Wenhua Xi Rd, Jinan 250012, Shandong, Peoples R China.
关键词：Tetramethylpyrazine analogue CXC195; 6-OHDA; Parkinson's disease;; Apoptosis; PI3K/Akt/GSK3 beta pathway
摘要：Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder and characterized by motor system disorders resulting in loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons. CXC195, a novel tetramethylpyrazine derivative, has been shown strongest neuroprotective effects due to its antiapoptotic activity. However, whether CXC195 protects against DA neuronal damage in PD and the mechanisms underlying its beneficial effects are unknown. The purpose of our study was to investigate the potential neuroprotective role of CXC195 and to elucidate its mechanism of action against 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced mouse model of PD. CXC195 administration improved DA neurodegeneration in PD mice induced by 6-OHDA. Our further findings confirmed treatment of CXC195 at the dose of 10 mg/ kg significantly inhibited the apoptosis by decreasing the level of cleaved caspase-3 and Bax, and increasing the level of Bcl-2 in 6-OHDA-lesioned mice. Meanwhile, 6-OHDA also decreased the amount of phosphorylated Akt while increased GSK-3 beta activity (the amount of phosphorylated GSK-3 beta at Ser9 was decreased) which was prevented by CXC195. Wortmannin, a specific PI3K inhibitor, dramatically abolished the changes induced by CXC195. Our study firstly demonstrated that CXC195 protected against DA neurodegeneration in 6-OHDA-induced PD model by its anti-apoptotic properties and PI3K/ Akt/ GSK3 beta signaling pathway was involved in it.