标题：Breaking down barriers: enabling care-by-parent in neonatal intensive care units in China
作者：Li, Xiao-Ying; Lee, Shoo; Yu, Hua-Feng; Ye, Xiang Y.; Warre, Ruth; Liu, Xiang-Hong; Liu, Jian-Hong
作者机构：[Li, X.-Y] Neonatalogy Department, Qilu Children’s Hospital Shandong University, Jinan, China;[ Lee, S] Maternal-Infant Care Research Centre, Mount S 更多
通讯作者：Liu, JHNo 23976, Jingshi Road, China;(firstname.lastname@example.org)
通讯作者地址：[Liu, JH]23976 Jingshi Rd, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.
关键词：care-by-parent;family-centered care;infant;newborn;neonatal intensive care unit;parental involvement
摘要：Background:Denying parents access to their infant in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) is a standard practice in most hospitals across China.Visitation is not usually permitted or may be strictly limited,and NICU care for most neonates is provided by health-care professionals with little participation of the parents.An exception to this rule is the level 2 \"Room-In\" ward in Qilu Children\'s Hospital,Shandong University,where parents have 24-hour access to their infants and participate in providing care.Methods:This retrospective cohort study compared the outcomes of infants who were admitted to the NICU and remained there throughout their stay (NICU-NICU group,n=428),admitted to the NICU and then transferred to the Room-In ward (NICU-RIn group,n=1018),or admitted straight to the Room-In ward (RIn only group,n=629).Results:There were no significant differences in the rates of nosocomial infection,bronchopulmonary dysplasia,intraventricular hemorrhage,and retinopathy of prematurity between the NICU-NICU and NICURIn groups.The rate of necrotizing enterocolitis was significantly lower in the NICU-RIn group (P=0.04),while weight gain and duration of hospital stay were significantly higher (both P＜0.001).Rates of adverse outcomes were lower in RIn-only infants due to their low severity of illness on admission.Conclusions:Allowing parents access to their infant in the NICU is feasible and safe in China,and may result in improvements in infant outcomes.Further studies are required to generate stronger evidence that can inform changes to neonatal care in China.