标题：Low-Skilled Immigrants and Urban Development in China: A Labor Market Perspective*
作者：Liang, Chao; Wang, Susu
作者机构：[Liang, Chao] Shandong Univ, Ctr Econ Res, 27 Shanda South Rd, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.; [Wang, Susu] Shanghai Customs Coll, 5677 Huaxia West 更多
通讯作者地址：Liang, C (corresponding author), Shandong Univ, Ctr Econ Res, 27 Shanda South Rd, Jinan 250100, Peoples R China.
来源：ASIAN ECONOMIC PAPERS
摘要：This study investigates the impact of low-skilled immigrants on urban labor markets in China. Using historical migration networks as an instrumental variable to overcome endogeneity problems, we find that low-skilled immigrants significantly increase local wages. Census data reveal significant occupational segregation between low-skilled immigrants and local inhabitants. Low-skilled immigrants are found to substitute for low-skilled local inhabitants but are complementary for high-skilled local inhabitants. In addition, low-skilled immigrants boost women's labor participation and wages through consumption service markets. This study's findings reveal that discrimination against low-skilled immigrants weakens the reciprocal effects among immigrants and local inhabitants and hinders urban development.