标题：Discovery and Characterization of Fluorine-Substituted Diarylpyrimidine Derivatives as Novel HIV-1 NNRTIs with Highly Improved Resistance Profiles and Low Activity for the hERG Ion Channel
作者：Kang D.; Ruiz F.X.; Feng D.; Pilch A.; Zhao T.; Wei F.; Wang Z.; Sun Y.;等 更多 作者机构：[Kang, D] Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology (Ministry of Education), School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong U 更多
来源：Journal of medicinal chemistry
摘要：Our previous efforts have led to the development of two potent NNRTIs, K-5a2 and 25a, exhibiting effective anti-HIV-1 potency and resistance profiles compared with etravirine. However, both inhibitors suffered from potent hERG inhibition and short half-life. In this article, with K-5a2 and etravirine as leads, series of novel fluorine-substituted diarylpyrimidine derivatives were designed via molecular hybridization and bioisosterism strategies. The results indicated 24b was the most active inhibitor, exhibiting broad-spectrum activity (EC50 = 3.60-21.5 nM) against resistant strains, significantly lower cytotoxicity (CC50= 155 μM), and reduced hERG inhibition (IC50 > 30 μM). Crystallographic studies confirmed the binding of 24b and the role of the fluorine atom, as well as optimal contacts of a nitrile group with the main-chain carbonyl group of H235. Furthermore, 24b showed longer half-life and favorable safety properties. All the results demonstrated that 24b has significant promise in circumventing drug resistance as an anti-HIV-1 candidate.