标题：The maize heterotrimeric G protein beta subunit controls shoot meristem development and immune responses
作者：Wu, Qingyu; Xu, Fang; Liu, Lei; Char, Si Nian; Ding, Yezhang; Je, Byoung Il; Schmelz, Eric; Yang, Bing; Jackson, David
作者机构：[Wu, Qingyu; Xu, Fang; Liu, Lei; Je, Byoung Il; Jackson, David] Cold Spring Harbor Lab, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724 USA.; [Wu, Qingyu] Chinese Acad 更多
通讯作者地址：[Jackson, D]Cold Spring Harbor Lab, Cold Spring Harbor, NY 11724 USA.
来源：PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
关键词：heterotrimeric G protein; meristem; fasciation; maize; autoimmunity
摘要：Heterotrimeric G proteins are important transducers of receptor signaling, functioning in plants with CLAVATA receptors in controlling shoot meristem size and with pathogen-associated molecular pattern receptors in basal immunity. However, whether specific members of the heterotrimeric complex potentiate cross-talk between development and defense, and the extent to which these functions are conserved across species, have not yet been addressed. Here we used CRISPR/Cas9 to knock out the maize G protein beta subunit gene (G beta) and found that the mutants are lethal, differing from those in Arabidopsis, in which homologous mutants have normal growth and fertility. We show that lethality is caused not by a specific developmental arrest, but by autoimmunity. We used a genetic diversity screen to suppress the lethal G beta phenotype and also identified a maize G beta allele with weak autoimmune responses but strong development phenotypes. Using these tools, we show that G beta controls meristem size in maize, acting epistatically with G protein alpha subunit gene (G alpha), suggesting that G beta and G alpha function in a common signaling complex. Furthermore, we used an association study to show that natural variation in G beta influences maize kernel row number, an important agronomic trait. Our results demonstrate the dual role of G beta in immunity and development in a cereal crop and suggest that it functions in cross-talk between these competing signaling networks. Therefore, modification of G beta has the potential to optimize the trade-off between growth and defense signaling to improve agronomic production.