标题：Discovery and evaluation of ZT55, a novel highly-selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of JAK2 V617F against myeloproliferative neoplasms
作者：Hu M.; Xu C.; Yang C.; Zuo H.; Chen C.; Zhang D.; Shi G.; Wang W.;等 更多 作者机构：[Hu, M] State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Science 更多
通讯作者地址：[Zhang, T] State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Scie 更多
来源：Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research
关键词：Apoptosis; JAK2 inhibitor; JAK2 V617F; Myeloproliferative neoplasms; ZT55
摘要：Background: The JAK2-STAT signaling pathway plays a critical role in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). An activating mutation in JAK2 (V617F) is present in ~ 95% of polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis cases. This study aims to explore the selective JAK2 V617F inhibitor, evaluate the efficacy and possible mechanism of ZT55 on MPN. Methods: HTRF assays were conducted to evaluate the selective inhibition of ZT55 for JAKs. Cell apoptosis, proliferation, and cycle arrest assays were performed to examine the effect of ZT55 on HEL cell line with JAK2 V617F mutation in vitro. Western analysis was used to monitor the expression and activity of proteins on JAK2/STAT pathway. A mice xenograft model was established to evaluate the antitumor efficacy of ZT55 in vivo. Peripheral blood samples from patients with the JAK2 V617F mutation were collected to estimate the effect of ZT55 on erythroid colony formation by colony-forming assay. Results: We found that ZT55 showed a selective inhibition of a 0.031 μM IC 50 value against JAK2. It exhibited potent effects on the cellular JAK-STAT pathway, inhibiting tyrosine phosphorylation in JAK2 V617F and downstream STAT3/5 transcription factors. ZT55 inhibited the proliferation of the JAK2 V617F -expressing HEL cell line, leading to cell cycle arrest at the G 2 /M phase and induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis. Notably, ZT55 also significantly suppressed the growth of HEL xenograft tumors in vivo. Further evaluation indicated that ZT55 blocked erythroid colony formation of peripheral blood hematopoietic progenitors from patients carrying the JAK2 V617F mutation. Conclusion: These results suggest that ZT55 is a highly-selective JAK2 inhibitor that can induce apoptosis of human erythroleukemia cells by inhibiting the JAK2-STAT signaling. © 2019 The Author(s).