标题：Insights into the Headgroup and Chain Length Dependence of Surface Characteristics of Organic-Coated Sea Spray Aerosols
作者：Cheng, Shumin; Li, Siyang; Tsona, Narcisse T.; George, Christian; Du, Lin
作者机构：[Cheng, Shumin; Li, Siyang; Du, Lin] Shandong Univ, Environm Res Inst, Binhai Rd 72, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Tsona, Narcisse T. 更多
通讯作者地址：[Du, L]Shandong Univ, Environm Res Inst, Binhai Rd 72, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：ACS EARTH AND SPACE CHEMISTRY
关键词：Langmuir films; fatty acid; fatty acid methyl ester; sea spray aerosols;; sea surface microlayer
摘要：The structure of sea spray aerosols (SSAs) has been described as a saline core coated by organic surfactants. The presence of surface-active compounds at the interface can exert significant effect on physical, chemical, and optical properties of SSAs. The surfactant molecules chosen for this study, palmitic acid (PA), stearic acid (SA), arachidic acid (AA), methyl palmitate (MP), methyl stearate (MS), and methyl arachidate (MA), were used to explore the effect of alkyl chain length, headgroups, and sea salts on the surface properties of these monolayers. Surface pressure-area (pi-A) isotherms obtained with a Langmuir trough was used for revealing macroscopic phase behavior of the monolayers. Moreover, infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS) was employed to investigate the interfacial organization at the molecular level. The pi-A isotherms indicated that sea salts, present in the subphase, have an intense condensing effect on fatty acid monolayers while exerting an expanding effect on fatty acid methyl ester monolayers, which was confirmed by results from IRRAS experiments. IRRAS further uncovered the all-trans conformation of the hydrocarbon chains, which can be evidenced by the relatively low nu(a)(CH2) and nu(s) (CH2) stretching vibrations. The conformational order changes in the alkyl chains of different film-forming species (C-16 < C-18 < C-20) were directly revealed by analyzing the intensity ratios of the nu(a)(CH2) and nu(s)(CH2) bands. Thus, all three factors alter the phase behavior and molecular packing of the monolayers at the air-aqueous interface.