标题：Comparison between computed tomography-guided percutaneous microwave ablation and thoracoscopic lobectomy for stage I non-small cell lung cancer
作者：Wang, Yongzheng; Liu, Bin; Cao, Pikun; Wang, Wujie; Wang, Wei; Chang, Haiyang; Li, Dong; Li, Xiao; Zhao, Xiaogang; Li, Yuliang
作者机构：[Wang, Yongzheng; Liu, Bin; Wang, Wujie; Wang, Wei; Chang, Haiyang; Li, Yuliang] Shandong Univ, Hosp 2, Dept Intervent Med, 247 Beiyuan Rd, Jinan 2500 更多
通讯作者地址：[Li, YL]Shandong Univ, Hosp 2, Dept Intervent Med, 247 Beiyuan Rd, Jinan 250033, Shandong, Peoples R China.
关键词：Disease free survival; microwave ablation; non-small-cell lung cancer;; overall survival; surgery
摘要：Background Methods The study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness and cost of computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) and thoracoscopic lobectomy for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We retrospectively analyzed the data of 46 and 85 patients with stage I NSCLC treated with CT-guided percutaneous MWA or thoracoscopic lobectomy, respectively, at our center from July 2013 to June 2015. Overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), local control rate, hospital stay, and cost were evaluated. Survival curves were constructed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using the log-rank test. Results Conclusion The one and two-year OS rates were 97.82% and 91.30% and 97.65% and 90.59% in the MWA and lobectomy groups, respectively. The one and two-year DFS rates were 95.65% and 76.09% and 95.29% and 75.29%, respectively. No significant differences were observed in log-rank analysis between the groups (P = 0.169). The hospital stays in the MWA and lobectomy groups were 6.62 +/- 2.31 and 9.57 +/- 3.19 days, respectively. The costs of MWA and lobectomy were US$3274.50 +/- US$233.91 and US$4678.87 +/- US$155.96, respectively. The differences were all significant (P = 0.003). MWA and thoracoscopic lobectomy for stage I NSCLC demonstrate similar one and two-year OS and DFS, with no significant differences between the two groups. MWA involved a shorter hospital stay and lower cost, thus should be considered a better option for patients with severe cardiopulmonary comorbidity and patients unwilling to undergo surgery.