标题：Carbon fiber-promoted activation of catalyst for efficient growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes
作者：Xin, Benwu; Gao, Wenke; Ji, Zhonghai; Zhang, Shuchen; Xin, Liantao; Zhao, Lifen; Xue, Han; Wu, Qianru; Zhang, Lili; Liu, Chang; Zh 更多 作者机构：[Xin, Benwu; Gao, Wenke; Zhao, Lifen; Xue, Han; Wu, Qianru; He, Maoshuai] Shandong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Mat Sci & Engn, Qingdao 266590, Peoples R C 更多
通讯作者：He, Maoshuai;He, MS
通讯作者地址：[He, MS]Qingdao Univ Sci & Technol, Qingdao 266042, Peoples R China.
摘要：Carbon fibers are placed onto substrate surface with dispersed Co particles to promote the growth efficiency of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). During chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process, micro-spaces are fabricated between the carbon fibers and the substrate surface, which modify the Knudsen number of CO and increase its efficient contact with cobalt oxide nanoparticles, enhancing the reduction of catalysts and the nucleation of SWNTs. Compared with surface grown SWNTs without covering carbon fibers, SWNTs grown under carbon fibers demonstrate a much higher catalyst efficiency, i.e. a SWNT density as high as similar to 140 SWNTs/mm(2). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy characterizations confirm that the presence of carbon fibers promotes the reduction of cobalt oxide catalyst particles and carbon dissolution inside catalyst particles, which are crucial for catalyst activation and subsequent SWNT nucleation. This work provides a new strategy for the efficient growth of SWNTs, which benefits high-density growth of SWNTs required for future nanoelectronics applications. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.