标题：Development and validation of a nomogram for predicting survival in Chinese han patients with resected colorectal cancer
作者：Li, Jiqing; Gu, Jianhua; Ma, Xiaotian; Li, Xiao; Liu, Xiaojuan; Kang, Fengling; Xue, Fuzhong
作者机构：[Li, Jiqing; Gu, Jianhua; Ma, Xiaotian; Liu, Xiaojuan; Kang, Fengling; Xue, Fuzhong] Shandong Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, 44 Cultur 更多
通讯作者地址：[Xue, FZ]Shandong Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat, 44 Culture West Rd, Jinan 250012, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：JOURNAL OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY
关键词：colorectal cancer (CRC); external validation; nomogram; overall survival; (OS); prognosis
摘要：BackgroundMethodsEstimates of survival after curative colorectal cancer (CRC) surgery are the basis of patient care and treatment planning. A nomogram is a useful tool for individualized cancer prognosis.; A total of 2450 patients with nonmetastatic CRC were included to develop a nomogram. Prognostic factors were identified and integrated by the Cox proportional hazards model. Then, we developed and validated a prognostic nomogram. The performance of this model was assessed by the concordance index (C-index) and a calibration curve. The nomogram was internally validated by bootstrapping and externally validated with a separate database of 299 patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas.; ResultsConclusionAge, T stage, N stage, histological type, tumor location, lymph-vascular invasion, preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen, and sample lymph nodes were integrated into the nomogram. The C-index of the nomogram for predicting overall survival was higher than that of the seventh edition American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging system (training data set, 0.76 vs 0.68, respectively; P<0.001; validation data set, 0.78 vs 0.69, respectively; P=0.003).; We developed a prognostic nomogram for patients with nonmetastatic CRC, which could provide a more individualized outcome prognostication than that afforded by the TNM staging system by using common clinicopathologic factors.