标题：Advances in mathematical models of the active targeting of tumor cells by functional nanoparticles
作者：Gao, Yan; Shi, Yanbin; Wang, Li; Kong, Shengli; Du, Jian; Lin, Guimei; Feng, Yihua
作者机构：[Gao, Yan; Shi, Yanbin; Wang, Li; Kong, Shengli; Du, Jian; Feng, Yihua] Qilu Univ Technol, Shandong Acad Sci, Sch Mech & Automot Engn, 3501 Daxue Rd, 更多
通讯作者：Shi, Yanbin;Shi, YB
通讯作者地址：[Shi, YB]Qilu Univ Technol, Shandong Acad Sci, Sch Mech & Automot Engn, 3501 Daxue Rd, Jinan 250353, Peoples R China.
来源：COMPUTER METHODS AND PROGRAMS IN BIOMEDICINE
关键词：Nanoparticles; Active targeting; Tumor; Simulations
摘要：Background and Objective: The process of nanoparticles (NPs) entering blood circulation to actively target tumor cells involves four stages-the transport of NPs in blood vessels, transvascular transport of NPs, transport of NPs in the tumor interstitial matrix and entry of NPs into tumor cells. These four stages are a complex process involving mechanical, physical, biochemical, and biophysical factors, the tumor microenvironment (TME) and properties of NPs play important roles in this process. Because this process involves a large number of factors and is very complex, it is difficult to study with conventional methods.; Methods: Using mathematical models for simulation is suitable for addressing this complex situation and can describe the complexity well.; Results: This work focuses on the theoretical simulation of NPs that target tumor cells to illustrate the effects of the abnormal microenvironment of tumors and properties of NPs on the transport process. Mathematical models constructed by different methods are enumerated. Through studying these mathematical models, different methods to overcome nanoparticle (NP) transport obstacles are illustrated.; Conclusions: It is necessary to construct a theoretical model of active targeting nanodrug delivery under the coupling of micro-flow field and specific binding force field, and to simulate and analyze the delivery process at mesoscopic scale using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method, so as to reveal the law and characteristics of drug delivery and cell uptake in the micro-environment of tumors in vivo. The methods and techniques discussed can serve as the basis for systematic studies of active targeting of functional nanoparticles to tumor cells. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.