标题：Role of caveolin-1 and caveolae signaling in endotoxemia and sepsis
作者：Feng, Hong; Guo, Wen; Han, Junqing; Li, Xiang-An
作者机构：[Feng, Hong; Han, Junqing] Shandong Univ, Prov Hosp, Dept Tumor Res, Jinan 250021, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Feng, Hong; Han, Junqing] Shandong U 更多
通讯作者地址：[Li, XA]Univ Kentucky, Coll Med, Dept Pediat, Lexington, KY 40536 USA.
关键词：Caveolae; Caveolin-1; LPS; Sepsis
摘要：Caveolae, plasma membrane invaginations of 60-80 nm in diameter, are a subset of lipid rafts enriched in cholesterol and sphingolipids. Caveolae are expressed in various tissues and cell types, such as endothelial cells, macrophages, neutrophils and adipocytes. The functions of caveolae are diverse and include endocytosis, transcytosis, potocytosis, calcium signaling, and regulation of various signaling events. Although growing evidence has increased our understanding of caveolae function, the role of caveolae in sepsis is still a controversial issue. In this review, we present a number of studies addressing caveolae and sepsis and describe the signaling pathways involved, including the LPS-eNOS-TLR4-NF kappa B, MKK3/p38 MAPK, cPLA2/p38 MAPK, STAT3/NF kappa B and IL-1 beta-IL-1R1 pathways. Different studies using endotoxemia and bacteremia animal models have provided distinct conclusions about the function of caveolae, and we discuss these inconsistencies. Taken together, the current data suggest that the function of caveolae in sepsis, which involves a number of signaling pathways, is complex and warrants further studies. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.