标题：Recent Advances of Plasmonic Organic Solar Cells: Photophysical Investigations
作者：Feng, Lin; Niu, Mengsi; Wen, Zhenchuan; Hao, Xiaotao
作者机构：[Feng, Lin; Niu, Mengsi; Wen, Zhenchuan; Hao, Xiaotao] Shandong Univ, State Key Lab Crystal Mat, Sch Phys, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China.; 更多
通讯作者地址：[Hao, XT]Shandong Univ, State Key Lab Crystal Mat, Sch Phys, Jinan 250100, Shandong, Peoples R China;[Hao, XT]Univ Melbourne, Sch Chem, ARC Ctr Excell 更多
关键词：photophysics; organic photovoltaics; plasmonics
摘要：The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of metallic nanomaterials, such as gold (Au) and silver (Ag), has been extensively exploited to improve the optical absorption, the charge carrier transport, and the ultimate device performances in organic photovoltaic cells (OPV). With the incorporation of diverse metallic nanostructures in active layers, buffer layers, electrodes, or between adjacent layers of OPVs, multiple plasmonic mechanisms may occur and need to be distinguished to better understand plasmonic enhancement. Steady-state photophysics is a powerful tool for unraveling the plasmonic nature and revealing plasmonic mechanisms such as the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), the propagating plasmon-polariton (SPP), and the plasmon-gap mode. Furthermore, the charge transfer dynamics in the organic semiconductor materials can be elucidated from the transient photophysical investigations. In this review article, the basics of the plasmonic mechanisms and the related metallic nanostructures are briefly introduced. We then outline the recent advances of the plasmonic applications in OPVs emphasizing the linkage between the photophysical properties, the nanometallic geometries, and the photovoltaic performance of the OPV devices.