标题：The causal nexus between energy consumption, carbon emissions and economic growth: New evidence from China, India and G7 countries using convergent cross mapping
作者：Liu, Huajun; Lei, Mingyu; Zhang, Naixin; Du, Guangjie
作者机构：[Liu, Huajun; Lei, Mingyu] Shandong Univ Finance & Econ, Sch Econ, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Zhang, Naixin] Cent Univ Finance & Econ, Chin 更多
通讯作者地址：[Liu, HJ]Shandong Univ Finance & Econ, Sch Econ, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.
摘要：Understanding the causality between energy consumption, carbon emissions and economic growth is helpful for policymakers to formulate energy, environmental and economic policies. For the first time, based on nonlinear dynamics, this paper employs multispatial convergent cross mapping (CCM) to revisit the energy-carbon-economy causation for China, India and the G7 countries using both aggregate data and per capita data. The findings indicate that there are significant differences between developing countries and developed countries. A bidirectional nexus between energy consumption, carbon emissions and economic growth is found in China and India, but various causal relationships are identified in the G7 countries, including bidirectional, unidirectional and neutral nexus. The results confirm that the decoupling phenomenon is common in most G7 countries. By leveraging a variety of samples and a new approach, this study provides new evidence for policy authorities to formulate country-specific policies to obtain better environmental quality while achieving sustainable economic growth.