标题：Aberrant Expression of WWOX Protein in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: A Clinicopathologic and Immunohistochemical Study
作者：Chao Lan; Wang Chenggang; Bu Yulan; Deng Xiaohui; Zhen Junhui; Wang Xiao
作者机构：[Wang Chenggang; Bu Yulan; Wang Xiao] Shandong Univ, Dept Breast Surg, Qilu Hosp, Jinan 250012, Peoples R China.; [Chao Lan; Deng Xiaohui] Shandong 更多
通讯作者地址：[Wang, X]Shandong Univ, Dept Breast Surg, Qilu Hosp, Jinan 250012, Peoples R China.
来源：INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGICAL PATHOLOGY
关键词：Epithelial ovarian carcinoma; 3AO cell; SKOV3 cell; WWOX
摘要：Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most frequent cause of death from gynecologic cancer. The WW domain-containing oxidoreductase (WWOX) gene is located at 16q23.3-24.1, a region that spans the second most common human fragile site, FRA16D. Abnormalities affecting WWOX at the genomic and/or expression level(s) have been reported in numerous neoplasias and cancer-derived cell lines. The goal of the study was to evaluate WWOX protein expression in epithelial ovarian carcinoma tissues to determine whether they correlated with clincopathologic parameters. We performed WWOX expression analyses by means of immunohistochemistry on 112 epithelial ovarian carcinoma tissues, and ovarian carcinoma-derived SKOV3, 3AO cells. The basic significant level was fixed at P<0.05. Loss of WWOX expression was observed in 32 (28.6%) of 112 ovarian carcinoma samples and was positively correlated with negative estrogen receptor (ER) (P<0.001) and negative progesterone receptor (PR) (P=0.001). A statistically significant correlation was observed between the lack of WWOX expression and the advanced International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages (P=0.02). Furthermore, negative WWOX staining was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis (P=0.013), whereas no significant differences were found between WWOX and HER-2/neu staining (P=0.79). WWOX protein expression was moderately detectable in SKOV3 cells but not in 3AO cells. Our results indicate that loss of WWOX expression in epithelial ovarian carcinomas correlates with negative ER, negative PR, advanced FIGO stages, and lymph node metastases.