标题：Benefit and Risk Perceptions of Controversial Facilities: A Comparison between Local Officials and the Public in China
作者：Mao, Qingduo; Zhang, Manli; Ma, Ben
作者机构：[Mao, Qingduo; Zhang, Manli; Ma, Ben] Shandong Univ, Polit Sci & Publ Adm Sch, Qingdao 266000, Peoples R China.; [Ma, Ben] Tsinghua Univ, Sch Publ P 更多
通讯作者：Ma, B;Ma, B
通讯作者地址：[Ma, B]Shandong Univ, Polit Sci & Publ Adm Sch, Qingdao 266000, Peoples R China;[Ma, B]Tsinghua Univ, Sch Publ Policy & Management, Ctr Crisis Managem 更多
关键词：officials; controversial facilities; benefit perception; risk; perception; Social Judgement Theory; China
摘要：This article investigates the perception biases of local government officials and the general public by comparing their benefit and risk perceptions towards controversial facilities. The analysis framework of Social Judgement Theory (SJT)-i.e., (a) economic benefits, (b) environmental health, and (c) social and political factors-was used to design the research. SJT is a widely recognized theoretical framework that includes experimental approaches to the study of cognitive conflicts. An experimental survey was conducted to collect data in order to make a comparison of the weight of different elements. Results demonstrate that there are perception differences between the general public and local officials on controversial facilities. Local officials responsible for endorsing and supervising plants attach more significance to environmental factors than the public, while the public focuses more on social and political factors than officials. There is no significant difference in the cognition of economic benefits. Factors such as demolition compensation and legitimacy may provoke these perception gaps. This paper enriches the current understanding of SJT and policy making for controversial facilities by investigating the perception gaps between officials and the general public.