标题：Challenges to the Primary Jurisdiction of Flag States Over Ships
作者：Yu, Yaodong; Zhao, Yue; Chang, Yen-Chiang
作者机构：[Yu, Yaodong] Shanghai Maritime Univ, Sch Law, Shanghai, Peoples R China.; [Zhao, Yue] Jin Tian Cheng Law Firm, Qingdao, Peoples R China.; [Chang, 更多
通讯作者地址：[Yu, YD]Shandong Univ, Inst Law Sea & Maritime Law, Sch Law, Jinan, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：OCEAN DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW
关键词：coastal state; flag state; port state; primary jurisdiction
摘要：With the increasing emergence of substandard ships sailing under the flag state's ineffective control and the growing number of accidents that negatively affect the marine environment and the maritime order, port states, coastal states, and international organizations have begun to develop new regimes to increase their control over ships. As a result, the authority of flag states is increasingly being challenged, seemingly calling into question the primary jurisdiction and control of flag states over their ships. The aim of this article is to promote a better understanding of the relationship between flag state, coastal state, and port state control.