标题：HOX cluster-embedded antisense long non-coding RNAs in lung cancer
作者：Li, Lianlian; Wang, Yong; Song, Guoqiang; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Gao, Shan; Liu, Hongyan
作者机构：[Li, Lianlian; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Gao, Shan; Liu, Hongyan] Shandong Acad Med Sci, Inst Basic Med, Jinan 250062, Shandong, Peoples R China.; [Wang, Yong] 更多
通讯作者：Li, LL;Liu, HY
通讯作者地址：[Li, LL; Liu, HY]Shandong Acad Med Sci, Inst Basic Med, Jinan 250062, Shandong, Peoples R China.
关键词：Homeobox gene; LncRNA; Biomarker; Therapeutic target
摘要：Homeobox (HOX) genes play vital roles in embryonic development and oncogenesis. In humans, there are 39 HOX genes found in four clusters that are located on different chromosomes. The HOX clusters also contain numerous non-protein-coding RNAs, including some lncRNAs. The HOX cluster-embedded lncRNAs (HOX-lncRNAs), most notably, HOTTIP and HOTAIR play a major role in the regulation of their adjacent coding genes. Recently, most HOX-lncRNAs have been shown to impact tumorigenesis and cancer progression. Several HOX-lncFtNAs, including HOTTIP, HOXA11-AS, HOTAIRM1, HOXA-AS3, HOXA10-AS, HOTAIR, and HAGLR, are dysregulated in lung cancer. Moreover, their expression levels are correlated with the clinical features of this disease. These HOX-lncRNAs regulate the proliferation, invasion, migration, and chemo-resistance of lung cancer cells through various molecular mechanisms. Although lncRNAs have received much attention lately, the functions of some HOX-lncRNAs in the development of cancer are unclear. Thus, HOX-embedded lncRNAs should be widely investigated in cancer. Here, we review the functions of HOX-lncRNAs in lung cancer.