标题：Effects of maize organ-specific drought stress response on yields from transcriptome analysis
作者：Wang, Baomei; Liu, Can; Zhang, Dengfeng; He, Chunmei; Zhang, Juren; Li, Zhaoxia
作者机构：[Wang, Baomei; Liu, Can; Zhang, Juren; Li, Zhaoxia] Shandong Univ, Sch Life Sci, Key Lab Plant Cell Engn & Germplasm Innovat, Qingdao 266237, Shandong 更多
通讯作者地址：[Li, ZX]Shandong Univ, Sch Life Sci, Key Lab Plant Cell Engn & Germplasm Innovat, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, Peoples R China.
来源：BMC PLANT BIOLOGY
关键词：Drought; Maize; Yield; Comparative transcriptomics analysis; Ear; Ear; leaf; Kernel
摘要：BackgroundDrought is a serious causal factor of reduced crop yields than any other abiotic stresses. As one of the most widely distributed crops, maize plants frequently suffer from drought stress, which causes great losses in the final kernel yield. Drought stress response in plants showed tissue- and developmental stage-specific characteristics.ResultsIn this study, the ears at the V9 stage, kernels and ear leaf at the 5DAP (days after pollination) stage of maize were used for morphological, physiological and comparative transcriptomics analysis to understand the different features of sink or source organs and the effects on kernel yield under drought stress conditions. The ABA-, NAC-mediate signaling pathway, osmotic protective substance synthesis and protein folding response were identified as common drought stress response in the three organs. Tissue-specific drought stress responses and the regulators were identified, they were highly correlated with growth, physiological adaptation and yield loss under drought stress. For ears, drought stress inhibited ear elongation, led to the abnormal differentiation of the paired spikelet, and auxin signaling involved in the regulation of cell division and growth and primordium development changes. In the kernels, reduced kernel size caused by drought stress was observed, and the obvious differences of auxin, BR and cytokine signaling transduction appeared, which indicated the modification in carbohydrate metabolism, cell differentiation and growth retardation. For the ear leaf, dramatically and synergistically reduced the expression of photosynthesis genes were observed when suffered from drought stress, the ABA- and NAC- mediate signaling pathway played important roles in the regulation of photosynthesis.ConclusionsTranscriptomic changes caused by drought were highly correlated with developmental and physiological adaptation, which was closely related to the final yield of maize, and a sketch of tissue- and developmental stage-specific responses to drought stress in maize was drafted.